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The Orang Asal are the indigenous people of Malaysia and about 2.1 million. Orang Asal is the term for "Original People" in Malay and refers to the aboriginal communities of Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia (Northern Borneo) and Peninsular Malaysia where they are known as Orang Asli. The Orang Asli are only about 150,000 and less than 1% of the population, they are further divided in ethnic subgroups and tribes. In East Malaysia there are many more sub-groups and tribes and they make up more than 50% of the population in the States of Sabah and Sarawak. Being a large proportion of the population in Borneo their habitat rights and access to the vast rainforest is better guaranteed than in Peninsular Malaysia. Nevertheless, palm oil plantation, logging, mining and infrastructure projects have also been the cause of displacement and destruction of their natural habitat. For instance the Bakun Dam project in Sarawak has forcibly moved more than 11,000 people from their traditional lands. Also, many have in the past decennia been pressed to assimilate into main-stream culture and convert to Islam. Many Orang Asal in Sarawak are still involved in hunting and fruit gathering keeping a semi-nomadic lifestyle and staying sometimes for weeks in traditional longhouses deep in the rainforest. Indigenous people of the Penan community walking towards the town from their settlement on the edge of the rainforest to go working as daily labour in small local farms. Bario in Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, October 2023